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Task 1: Configure all devices
 
Step 1: Configure S1 and S2
 
Configure the host name, access, and command mode passwords on each switch.
 
Step 2: Configure interface VLAN 1
Configure the VLAN1 IP address and default gateway on each switch.
 
Step 3: Configure FC-ASW-1 for server and end user VLANs
VLAN Number
VLAN Name
10
Servers
20
Users
 
Step 4: Configure ProductionSW for server and end user VLANs
VLAN Number
VLAN Name
10
Servers
20
Users
Step 5: Assign ports to VLANs on FC-ASW-1
FC-ASW-1#configure terminal
FC-ASW-1(config)#interface Fa0/5
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport mode access
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport access VLAN10
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#interface Fa0/6
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport mode access
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport access VLAN20
 
Step 6: Assign ports to VLANs on ProductionSW
ProductionSW#configure terminal
ProductionSW(config)#interface Fa0/5
ProductionSW(config-if)#switchport mode access
ProductionSW(config-if)#switchport access VLAN10
ProductionSW(config-if)#interface Fa0/6
ProductionSW(config-if)#switchport mode access
ProductionSW(config-if)#switchport access VLAN20
 
Step 7: Configure trunk ports on FC-ASW-1 to the router and ProductionSW
FC-ASW-1(config)#interface Fa0/1
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#interface Fa0/2
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#interface Fa0/4
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
 
Step 8: Configure trunk ports on ProductionSW to FC-ASW-1
ProductionSW(config)#interface Fa0/2
ProductionSW(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
ProductionSW(config-if)#interface Fa0/4
ProductionSW(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
 
Step 9: Configure VTP on both switches
FC-ASW-1#vlan database
FC-ASW-1(vlan)#vtp server
Step 10: Configure ProductionSW to be a VTP client
ProductionSW#vlan database
ProductionSW(vlan)#vtp client
ProductionSW(vlan)#vtp domain ServerFarm
 
Step 11: Configure Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
On each switch, configure Per-VLAN Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol.
FC-ASW-1(config)#spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst
ProductionSW(config)#spanning-tree mode rapid-pvst
 
Step 12: Perform basic router configuration
Configure hostname, passwords, and line access on R1.
 
Step 13: Configure Subinterface Fa0/0
BR4#configure terminal
BR4(config)#interface Fa0/0
BR4(config-if)#no shut
BR4(config-if)#interface Fa0/0.1
BR4(config-subif)#description VLAN1
BR4(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1q 1
BR4(config-subif)#ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
BR4(config-subif)#interface Fa0/0.10
BR4(config-subif)#description VLAN10
BR4(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1q 10.
BR4(config-subif)#ip address 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.0
BR4(config-subif)#interface Fa0/0.20
BR4(config-subif)#description VLAN20
BR4(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1q20
BR4(config-subif)#ip address 10.10.20.254 255.255.255.0
BR4(config-subif)#end
BR4#
 
Step 14: Configure two hosts for server VLAN, and two hosts for end user VLAN
a. H1 and H3 should be given IP addresses in the Servers VLAN, with a default gateway of 10.10.10.254.
b. H2 and H4 should be given IP addresses in the Users VLAN, with a default gateway of 10.10.20.254.
 
 
Task 2: Perform basic connectivity tests
 
Step 1: Test intra-VLAN connectivity
a. Ping from H1 to H3.
Is the ping successful? ____ Ya
If the ping fails, troubleshoot the configuration on the hosts and the VLAN configuration on the switches.
b. Ping from H2 to H4.
Is the ping successful? _____ Ya
If the ping fails, troubleshoot the configuration on the hosts and the VLAN configuration on the switches.
 
Step 2: Test inter-VLAN connectivity
Ping from a host on the Servers VLAN to a host on the Users VLAN.
Is the ping successful? _____ Ya
If the ping fails, troubleshoot the router and switch configurations.
 
 
Task 3: Introduce link and device failures into the network, and observe results
 
Step 1: Determine the port status of the spanning tree on the server switch
FC-ASW-1#show span
VLAN0010
Spanning tree enabled protocol ieee
Root ID Priority 32778
Address 0030.F2C9.90A0
Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec
Bridge ID Priority 32778 (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 10)
Address 0090.21AC.0C10
Aging Time 300
Interface Role Sts Cost Prio.Nbr Type
————–
Fa0/1 Desg FWD 19 128.3 Shr
Fa0/2 Root FWD 19 128.3 Shr
Fa0/4 Altn BLK 19 128.3 Shr
Fa0/5 Desg FWD 19 128.3 Shr
VLAN0020
Spanning tree enabled protocol ieee
Root ID Priority 32788
Address 0030.F2C9.90A0
Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec Forward Delay 15 sec
Bridge ID Priority 32788 (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 20)
Address 0090.21AC.0C10
Aging Time 300
Interface Role Sts Cost Prio.Nbr Type
————–
Fa0/1 Desg FWD 19 128.3 Shr
Fa0/2 Root FWD 19 128.3 Shr
Fa0/4 Altn BLK 19 128.3 Shr
Fa0/6 Desg FWD 19 128.3 Shr
Which port is not currently participating in forwarding data? ____ Fa0/4 adalah alternative
 
Step 2: Induce a link failure on the server switch
Remove the cable from one of the forwarding ports on FC-ASW-1.
 
Step 3: View the adjustment to the spanning-tree
Re-issue the show span command.
How long did it take the switches to determine and utilize a backup link? ______
 
Step 4: Induce a device failure on the network
Turn off the ProductionSW switch.
Ping from H1 to H2.
Was the ping successful? _____ Yes, both hosts are on the FC-ASW-1 switch and inter-VLAN
routing is still taking place.
 
Step 5: Reflect on the test results
In a network with multiple branch offices, why is the use of Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol important?
RSTP adalah penting untuk memastikan konektivitas perangkat pada layer akses di setiap kantor cabang dan bahwa sumber daya seperti server yang dapat diakses oleh pengguna di kantor-kantor lain yang bergantung pada mereka, dalam hal terjadi kegagalan switch-terkait setempat.
 
Why is it important when implementing a server farm?
RSTP akan membantu untuk memastikan bahwa switch dapat sembuh dengan cepat dan menyimpan server diakses oleh pengguna dalam hal link, switch atau kegagalan port.

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