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Step 1: Cable and configure the current network
a. Connect and configure the devices in accordance with the topology and configuration given. For this lab, a PC workstation can substitute for a Discovery Server.
b. Ping between Host 1 and Discovery Server to confirm network connectivity. Troubleshoot and establish connectivity if the pings fail.
 
Step 2: Configure NetFlow on the interfaces
NetFlow is configured to monitor data flows in or out of specific router interfaces. Ingress captures traffic that is being received by the interface. Egress captures traffic that is being transmitted by the interface. In this lab, the traffic will be monitored on both router interfaces and in both directions from within the console session.
a. From the global configuration mode, issue the following commands:
FC-CPE-1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#ip flow ?
Note the two options available:
egress Enable outbound NetFlow
ingress Enable inbound NetFlow
Which option captures traffic that is being received by the interface? ingress
Which option captures traffic that is being transmitted by the interface? egress
b. Complete the NetFlow configuration.
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#ip flow egress
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#ip flow ingress
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#interface fastethernet 0/1
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#ip flow ingress
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#ip flow egress
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#exit
FC-CPE-1(config)#end
Step 3: Verify the NetFlow configuration
a. From the privileged EXEC mode, issue the show running-configuration command.
For each FastEthernet interface, what statement from the running-configuration denotes that NetFlow is configured?
interface FastEthernet0/0:
ip flow ingress
ip flow egress
interface FastEthernet0/1:
ip flow ingress
ip flow egress
b. From the privileged EXEC mode, issue the command:
FC-CPE-1#show ip flow ?
Note the three options available:
export Display export
Statistics
interface Display flow
configuration on Interfaces
top-talkers Display top talkers
FC-CPE-1#show ip flow interface
FastEthernet0/0
ip flow ingress
ip flow egress
FastEthernet0/1
ip flow ingress
ip flow egress
Confirm that the output shown above is displayed. Troubleshoot your configuration if this output is not displayed.
Step 4: Create network data traffic
a. The captured data flow can be examined using the show ip cache flow command issued from the privileged EXEC mode.
FC-CPE-1#show ip cache flow
Issuing this command before any data traffic has flowed should produce output similar to the example shown here.
IP packet size distribution (0 total packets):
1-32 64 96 128 160 192 224 256 288 320 352 384 416 448 480
.000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000
512 544 576 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096 4608
.000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000
IP Flow Switching Cache, 0 bytes
0 active, 0 inactive, 0 added
0 ager polls, 0 flow alloc failures
Active flows timeout in 30 minutes
Inactive flows timeout in 15 seconds
last clearing of statistics never
Protocol Total Flows Packets Bytes Packets Active(Sec)
Idle(Sec)
——– Flows /Sec /Flow /Pkt /Sec /Flow /Flow
SrcIf SrcIPaddress DstIf DstIPaddress Pr SrcP DstP
Pkts
b. List the seven highlighted column headings and consider what use this information may be in characterizing the network.
Protocol
Total Flows
Flows per Second
Packets per Flow
Bytes per Packet
Packets per Second
Seconds of active flow
Seconds of no flow (idle)
c. To ensure that flow cache statistics are reset, from privileged EXEC mode issue the command:
FC-CPE-1# clear ip flow stats
d. Ping the Business Server from Host 1 to generate a data flow.
From the command line of Host 1, issue the command ping 172.17.1.1 -n 200
 
Step 5: View the data flows
a. At the conclusion of the data flow, the details of the flow can be viewed. From privileged EXEC mode,
issue the command:
FC-CPE-1#show ip cache flow
Output similar to that shown below will be displayed. Some values and details may be different in your lab.
IP packet size distribution (464 total packets):
1-32 64 96 128 160 192 224 256 288 320 352 384 416 448 480
.000 .900 .096 .000 .000 .000 .000 .002 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000
512 544 576 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096 4608
.000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000 .000
IP Flow Switching Cache, 278544 bytes
5 active, 4091 inactive, 48 added
1168 ager polls, 0 flow alloc failures
Active flows timeout in 30 minutes
Inactive flows timeout in 15 seconds
IP Sub Flow Cache, 17416 bytes
0 active, 1024 inactive, 0 added, 0 added to flow
0 alloc failures, 0 force free
1 chunk, 1 chunk added
last clearing of statistics never
Protocol Total Flows Packets Bytes Packets Active(Sec)
Idle(Sec)
——– Flows /Sec /Flow /Pkt /Sec /Flow
/Flow
UDP-DNS 31 0.0 1 72 0.0 0.0
15.5
UDP-other 10 0.0 2 76 0.0 4.1
15.2
ICMP 2 0.0 200 60 0.3 198.9
15.3
Total: 43 0.0 10 61 0.3 10.2
15.5
SrcIf SrcIPaddress DstIf DstIPaddress Pr SrcP DstP
Pkts
< output omitted >
b. Examine your output and list details that indicate data flow.
Protocol
Total Flows
Flows per Second
Packets per Flow
Bytes per Packet
Packets per Second
Seconds of active flow
Seconds of no flow (idle)
 
Step 6: Stop the NetFlow capture
a. To deactivate NetFlow capture, issue the no ip flow command at the interface configuration prompt.
FC-CPE-1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#no ip flow ingress
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#no ip flow egress
FC-CPE-1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/1
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#no ip flow ingress
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#no ip flow egress
b. To verify that NetFlow is deactivated, issue the show ip flow interface command from the privileged EXEC mode.
FC-CPE-1#show ip flow interface
FC-CPE-1#
No output is displayed if NetFlow is off.
 
Step 7: Clean up
Erase the configurations and reload the routers and switches. Disconnect and store the cabling. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet), reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.
 
\Step 8: Reflection
Consider the possible range of data flow types across a network and how a tool like NetFlow could be implemented to assist in analyzing those flows.
List of data flow categories and types: Client to Client, Client to Server, Server to Client, and Server to Server Email, intranet web, database flows, document file flows Number of separate flows of each type, size (bytes) of each flow, time each flow is on the network Daftar kategori dan jenis aliran data: Client untuk Klien, Klien ke Server, Server untuk Client, dan Server ke Server
Email, web intranet, aliran database, file dokumen arus
Jumlah arus yang terpisah masing-masing jenis, ukuran (bytes) dari setiap aliran, waktu setiap aliran pada jaringan
Final Configurations
Router 1
version 12.4
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
no service password-encryption
!
hostname FC-CPE-1
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
enable password cisco
!
no aaa new-model
ip cef
!
!
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
ip flow ingress
ip flow egress
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
ip address 172.17.0.1 255.255.0.0
ip flow ingress
ip flow egress
duplex auto
speed auto
!
interface Serial0/1/0
no ip address
shutdown
no fair-queue
clock rate 2000000
!
interface Serial0/1/1
no ip address
shutdown
clock rate 2000000
!
!
ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
!
!
control-plane
!
!
!
line con 0
password cisco
login
line aux 0
line vty 0 4
password cisco
login
!
scheduler allocate 20000 1000
end

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